Jim: If Peter had the authority to bind and loose on earth and in heaven (Matt 16:19) what╩was that verse talking about? I was just thinking about that. I think that's one of the reasons the LDS church thinks we have the authority (Peter, James and John conferring the Melchizedek priesthood on Joseph and Oliver) to seal in the temples.
Well, this one is pretty straight forward. It is recorded that Jesus said this twice:
First, to Peter:
15 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?
16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.
17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed [it] unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.
18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
Notice that the antecedent of "this Rock" is not Peter, but _revelation._ In other words He is saying to Peter, "The Revelation of My nature is the Rock upon which the Church is built." The Church is made up of everyone who wakes up to Who Jesus is--those who become born again. It is important to see that Jesus is not saying, My Father has revealed this mystery to you and so I will build my Church on you. No, it is upon the Rock of Revelation.
The second instance really makes this make sense: Matthew 18
18 Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. But this is not said to Peter! Who is it said to? To answer that you must look at the beginning of the chapter:
Matthew 18:1 At the same time came the disciples unto Jesus, saying, Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven? Jesus is addressing "the disciples." He tells them many things in this chapter. And in verse 18 He says:
18 Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
19 Again I say unto you, That if two of you shall agree on earth as touching any thing that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in heaven.
20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.
This promise of power in the Name of Jesus is to all Believers:
See John 1:12
"But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name:"
And again when Jesus ascends into heaven as recorded in Matt. 28, He says All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, [even] unto the end of the world. Amen.
It's even more apparent in Mark, chapter 16:
14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.
15 And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.
16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.
17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues;
18 They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.
The signs shall follow "Them that believe."
The power of God is given to all of us who are believers, who have the Holy Spirit living within them. _We_ can pray, heal, cast out demons, bind, and loose (as we follow the leading of the Holy Spirit).
This was never just for Peter.
Hope that helps.
Through the Maze Ministry