The hormonal imbalance of estrogen and testosterone in men cause Gynecomastia. The disease is characterized by an increase in tissues of the breast gland. The condition may affect one or both the breasts.
The regular change in the hormonal level of newborns, aged men, and individuals passing through puberty may lead to Gynecomastia. However, this is not the only cause.
Gynecomastia is not a life-threatening or severe disorder, but at times it can create hurdles in living a normal and healthy life. Individuals passing through this disease may face the discomfort of breast pain; this can put them in a lot of embarrassment sometimes.
Medication for Gynecomastia Treatment
It is a matter of common observation that Gynecomastia often perishes on its own in pubertal males. Therefore, before following any medication plan or opting for surgery, it is better to observe the condition of the breast for six months. One should consult a doctor to know if any of his current medicine is assisting in the enlargement of the breast. In this case, avoiding such medication will help to recover.
Some medicines are present to cope with this problem, but the results are not very effective. FDA has approved none of the drugs in this regard. However, some conventional medicines used to treat Gynecomastia include;
- In older men with a lower level of the male hormone, testosterone replacement is useful. The practice is not helpful for men with normal hormonal levels.
- The usage of clomiphene can also help to fight against the problem. The recovery symptoms may take six months to appear.
- In the case of severe Gynecomastia, characterized by pain in the breast, SERM proves to be beneficial. The therapy contributes to reducing the breast volume, but it fails to eliminate the disease.
- A synthetic derivative of testosterone, called Danazol, decreases the secretion of testes. Danazol functions to prevent the flow of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone. This prevention ultimately stops the sex organs from producing hormones. This method of treatment is rare.
Surgery For The Cure of Gynecomastia
If the problem gets noticed in the early stages, then treatment via drugs is more effective. But after a certain period, the tissues become scarred, and it gets too late to cure with medications. Once the medication proves no more useful, then surgical removal is the only possible option.
When drugs fail to work, and the condition worsens with time, then Reduction mammoplasty is often prescribed. Breast reduction surgery helps in restoring normal breast conditions. Long term gynecomastia is not common. The disease usually cures within half a year.
The cost of gynecomastia surgery in Singapore depends on the technique and severity of the disease.
Relation Between Gynecomastia and Breast Cancer
The risk of developing breast cancer increases to 5% in males with Gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is not itself the cause of breast cancer. But the hormonal abnormalities, like changes in estrogen and androgen levels, maximize the chances of developing breast cancer.
Can Gynecomastia Be Prevented?
Gynecomastia caused due to hormonal changes in pubertal males is not curable. However, the disorder which appears as a result of certain medical conditions disappears by eliminating the cause.
How Long Does It Take to Cure Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia caused due to the fluctuation in hormonal level usually perish after some time without any treatment. In rare cases, it persists, and medication or surgery helps to cure.
If the conditions do not go on its own within a year, then it results in fibrosis. This scarring makes medical treatment more difficult. If drugs fail to deliver any positive result, then surgery is the only option to cure.
It is highly necessary to treat this problem else; it will result in several psychological consequences.